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Checkers

An abstract strategy board game for two players

Checkers or draughts (pronounced "drafts"), is a group of abstract strategy board games between two players which involve diagonal moves of uniform pieces and mandatory captures by jumping over the enemy's pieces.

The most popular forms are international draughts, played on a 10×10 board, followed by English draughts, also called "American checkers" that is played on a 8×8 board, but there are many other variants.

The name "draughts" is preferred by players in New Zealand, the United Kingdom and many of its former colonies and territories. In the United States and Canada the name "checkers" is preferred. This article treats the names "checkers" and "draughts" as synonymous, though the longstanding name "draughts" is used except in specific references to the game in countries where "checkers" is used.

General rules
Draughts is played by two people, on opposite sides of a playing board, alternating moves. One player has dark pieces, and the other has light pieces. The player with the light pieces makes the first move unless stated otherwise. Pieces move diagonally and pieces of the opponent are captured by jumping over them. The playable surface consists only of the dark squares. Capturing is mandatory. A piece that is captured is removed from the board. In all variants, the player who has no pieces left or cannot move anymore has lost the game unless otherwise stated.

Here are some important terms to know:
*Flying kings - kings that can move as far as they want in diagonals like a bishop in chess. However, flying kings cannot capture like a Bishop, but jump over the captured piece as many fields as they the player wants.
* Crownhead or Kings Row - the farthest row forward where men become kings when they touched this row.

Uncrowned pieces (in other words, men) move one step and capture other pieces by making two steps (that is, jumping over the opponents' piece). In English draughts pieces cannot capture backwards, in contrast to international draughts.


Source: Wikipedia


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