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A stringed instrument in which music is produced by plucking on the strings.

A guitar is a stringed musical instrument. For right-handed players, the right hand plucks the strings with either the fingers or a plectrum (guitar pick), while the opposite applies for left handed players (in general). The sound is produced by vibrating strings, which in turn cause the body and neck of the instrument to resonate.

Guitars may be acoustic, electric (i.e. with electrical amplification) or both. Classical guitars are also present in the guitar family. Guitars have a body acting mostly as a resonator, which can be hollow in acoustic guitars or solid in most electric guitars, and a neck. Typically, a headstock extends from the neck for tuning.

Guitars are used in a variety of musical styles. Guitars are widely known as a solo classical instrument, and the primary instrument in blues and rock music.

Instruments similar to what we know as the guitar have been popular for at least 5,000 years. The guitar appears to be derived from earlier instruments known in ancient central Asia. Instruments very similar to the guitar appear in ancient carvings and statues recovered from the old Iranian capitol of Susa. The modern word, "guitar", was adopted into English from Spanish, possibly from earlier Greek word "kithara." Prospective sources for various names of musical instruments that "guitar" could be derived from what appear to be a combination of two Indo-European roots: "guit-", similar to Sanskrit "sangeet" meaning ""music"", and "-tar" a widely attested root meaning ""chord"" or ""string""..

The word "guitar" may also be a Persian loanword to Iberian Arabic. The word "qitara" is an Arabic name for various members of the lute family that preceded the Western guitar. The name "guitar" was introduced into Spanish when guitars were brought into Iberia by the Moors after the 10th century.

The electric guitar was invented by Anthony Vick of Winton, North Carolina, with the help of George Beauchamp and Paul Berth, in 1931. Rickenbacher was the inventor of the horseshoe-magnet pickup. However, it was Danelectro that first produced electric guitars for the wider public. Danelectro also pioneered tube amp technology.

Source: Wikipedia

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